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*q*-Analogues - NIST Handbook and Digital Library of Mathematical Functions
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## The Askey-scheme of hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials and its *q*-analogue

**Delft University of Technology**

Faculty of Information Technology and Systems

Department of Technical Mathematics and Informatics

Report no. 98-17

1998

Faculty of Information Technology and Systems

Department of Technical Mathematics and Informatics

Report no. 98-17

1998

In 1994 the first (preliminary) version of the report

Roelof Koekoek and René F. Swarttouw: The Askey-scheme of hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials and itsappeared. In 1996 we published an updated version in which we only corrected some misprints in the original (1994) report.q-analogue. Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Technical Mathematics and Informatics, Report no.94-05, 1994.

In 1998 a completely revised and updated version appeared:

Roelof Koekoek and René F. Swarttouw: The Askey-scheme of hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials and itsYou may download the report by clicking theq-analogue. Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Information Technology and Systems, Department of Technical Mathematics and Informatics, Report no.98-17, 1998.

**red**number above.

This revised version contained a description of all families of hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials appearing in the Askey-scheme (named
after Richard A. Askey) and in the *q*-analogue of this scheme.
For all families of these (basic) hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials we gave

and also the (limit) relations between the families of orthogonal polynomials appearing in both schemes. Further we updated the list of references and added the following formulas for each family of (basic) hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials:

- the definition in terms of hypergeometric functions - the orthogonality relation - the three term recurrence relation - the second order differential or difference equation - some generating functions

- the three term recurrence relation for the monic orthogonal polynomials (with leading coefficient equal to 1) - forward and backward shift operators - Rodrigues-type formula

Last modified on

**January 2, 2013**

Author: Roelof Koekoek